Just like a man needs special requirements and training to become a police officer or part of law enforcement so does a dog.
It takes special characteristics and abilities to become a K9 dog and several months of proper training to qualify to go out on duty. Law enforcement often choose certain dog breeds to train, popular choices are: German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, Bloodhounds, Dutch Shepherds, Belgian Malinois, Rottweilers, Boxers, Doberman Pinschers, and a few other breeds that have excellent working abilities and cooperative nature with their handlers.
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They also have to possess the ability to detect criminals and the tenacity in going against criminals without fear. K9 dogs aren’t dogs you would want to mess with as their intelligence, special training, and physical strength can take down anyone who they sense poses a threat. They also are very obedient and attentive to the commands of their handlers and will solely act when their handler gives them the green light to attack and will stop once their handler tells them to stop or once their handler pulls them off. Law enforcement and security dogs have a strong sense of smell especially since dogs have 225 million scent receptors in their noses compared to humans who only have 5 million scent receptors. This is one of the many beneficial trait’s dogs possess and comes in handy when detecting criminal activities such as crime scene evidence, illegal drugs, explosives, accelerants, dead bodies, fugitives, or escaped criminals. K9 dogs, military dogs, security dogs, and service dogs have many things in common as their main duty is to protect, help, aid, and save. Their consistent hard work, determination, obedience, and constant physical exertion puts law enforcement dogs in a class of their own. Although K9 dogs cannot completely replace human law enforcement their assistance has proven time and time again that they are valuable assets to any law enforcement team. Law enforcement dogs have unique precision to get the job done oftentimes faster than their human law enforcement counterpart. Canine dogs have worked hard to earn their position and their proven integrity towards protecting has given them the utmost respect by law enforcement officers and many of the civilian population because of their strong desire to save and protect lives from criminals and criminal activities. Police dogs are extremely effective in helping their police partners and play an important role in law enforcement which is why the K9 unit of a police department is irreplaceable.